Cultural heritage tourism entails travelling to experience the activities that genuinely symbolize the people and stories of both the past and present at a specific place. It entails irreplaceable cultural, natural, and historic resources. Heritage tourism is a new addition to the broader tourism industry that is slowly gaining popularity in the world. A survey conducted by Mandela Research in 2004 revealed that heritage and cultural visitors spend approximately $ 994 on each trip, in companion with $ 611 spent by the general tourist.
Over the past many years, sustainability and ‘going green’ movements have gained critical attention. The sustainability policies have also become an essential attention point for hospitality and tourism managers all around the world (Glion, 2012). Today every hospitality company in this sector is attempting to comply with sustainable activities to improve environmental resources and communities (Cynthia, 2013).
Multiple factors have contributed toward sustainability in hospitality sector for managers. First of all, owners and operators always seek reducing operational costs. Second, investors today show very different attitude toward the environment, due to an increasing awareness of corporate social responsibility programs in surrounding; and last, an increased attention is made on facility operations and development by a general shifting in ‘sustainability’ paradigm, which makes its quite important to understand and apply sustainable activities in hospitality and tourism (Barber, et al, 2011).
Tourism is one of the most appreciated economic activities in the country. The pillars of economic development in the country are mainly fisheries, agriculture, tourism and other forms of agriculture such as apiculture. The main area of interest in the proposal is Haldikiki that is one of the richest gold deposits in the northern part of the country. In this region, there are competing objectives between the wishes of the government and those of the local people, the Skouries. Although the people have been assured by the government of low or no risk of any environmental degradation, there are genuine concerns about the local people’s livelihoods that have lives integrated with the economic returns from tourism-related activities.