Compare and contrast two articles
The research carried out about Whalers and Whaling nations, it is clearly shown on how they reacted to the global environment discussing major challenges caused by the anti-whaling campaigns. From the study, two different arguments have emerged about the discourse since they accommodate them after the explanation the adversaries in relation with the foreign meetings meant to govern and regulate the operations of Whaling. More information has been presented concerning the whales stock unit.
The articles to be compared and contrasted are “ The missing piece A water Ethic” and “The private water saves lives” whereby both articles addresses issues concerning the consumption of water by the people. From the article of private water saves lives, the focus is on poor people who cannot access water since most of them live in remote areas. This contributed lot to poverty, spread of waterborne diseases and increased rate of death. This is different from what happens globally whereby people can easily access water without any shortage. It was estimated that more than 8% of the water within the remote areas is used for human consumption purpose. The main reason behind this is the issue of poor governance and the policies established to safeguard the use of water. This situation is compared to what happens in the article The missing piece A water ethical whereby the problem of water is dealt with great care in that constructions have been done to ensure that people can access water for their daily consumption and also carry out economic activities like irrigation. More supply centers have been established to conserve and recycle the water in order to avoid water shortages. More stations to preserve water to promote irrigation and human consumption have been prepared globally since water is available in every homestead. On the other hand, in the article private water saves lives, people are suffering and most of them dying due to lack of water. This led to the government acting quickly to ensure the public gets water at their disposal. It was estimated that a total of 97% of the water distributed in less developed countries is done under the act of the government which ensures that more than one billion people can access water. In this article, water is provided by the private sectors. The private investment sector has ensured that poor people gets water for their daily activities and carry out farming with the use of the supplied water.
This is different from countries that do not have the private sectors since in most nations, the government cannot reach out to all the poor people within that particular country. This leave many of them to die due to health related complications caused by untreated water. Many local firms have come up with strategies to ensure that every person has an access to water due to increased competition, high incentives and better chances of accessing capital which in turn is used for investment purpose, have enabled the private sector to increase the amount of water contributed to the public. This facilitated easy access of water by more than one million more so getting quality and pure water being delivered at their convenient disposals.
This is much different from what happens in the missing piece of A water article whereby private organizations have taken the advantage of lack of water and start supplying the water to the poor countries at a higher cost to earn profit. Open markets have contributed a lot the increase in water shortages in developing nations. Under this article, measures need to be set up to ensure that clean water is protected from unauthorized access in order to reduce the problem of shortages. The article advocates for introduction of ethics in use and supply of water. The ethics aims at safeguarding the clean water especially the natural one to ensure that people use it in a positive way. Since water is the stepping stone for each and every activity in any nation, once it becomes insecure, then the other activities are interfered with.
In the article private water saves lives, more complained have been raised concerning the privatization of water globally. Unions have established to protest against water privatization since they believe that it increases the amount charged to the consumers, which makes it hard for the poor who cannot afford cash to pay for it. In some areas, they argue that privatization is the main cause of price increase in that immediately after the introduction of private firms, the price charged for the commodity increased.
Those advocating for the poor in less developed countries are of the opinion that private sectors should be allowed to distribute clean water to such nations since they cannot access the main sources. Increase in water prices brings about new networks since each private sector works towards making profit. In the event of low prices, no sector will be willing to distribute the water to the poor nations with the fear of going loss. The poor people will have an access to water despite the fact that it will be of poor quality.
With the view that every human being is entitled to access water, the distribution process must be done equally without discrimination in order to exercise democracy. Regulatory bodies have been established to take control of all the water sectors within the poor countries so that no private firm can take an advantage over the poor people. Missing piece A water ethic, will help the global markets to change from the utilitarian form of water management to a better holistic approach that will ensure that the relationship that exists between people and water is strong and maintained. The best thing that the article is focusing is how to satisfy the need of the people rather than concentrate on natural resources with the purpose of maintaining them.
This will value human beings as the important element to put in mind and give the first priority before any other thing. This article is contrary with the private save lives in that, it takes more concern about natural things such as trees and rivers and grants them the right unlike human being. As supported by Christopher D. Stone, it is evident that rivers need special attention from the public. The main reason behind this is that, water inhabits many creatures that cannot survive without it. Even human beings rely on rivers for refreshment purpose especially for swimming. This is commonly in poor countries, which cannot construct swimming pools. The article only relates with privet water for live whereby in both articles, there is the issue of privatization that is termed as a way of exploiting the poor in undeveloped countries. The American conservationist supports the water ethics issue in that they view it as an evolutional event meant to change the utilitarian approaches towards water.
Malone, Elizabeth L. Debating Climate Change: Pathways Through Argument to Agreement. London: Earthscan, 2009. Print.
Johnson, June. Global Issues, Local Arguments: Argument Readings for Writing. New York: Pearson Longman, 2007. Print.
Peet, Richard, and Elaine R. Hartwick. Theories of Development: Contentions, Arguments, Alternatives. New York: Guilford Press, 2009. Print.
Vaart, A W. Asymptotic Statistics. Cambridge [u.a.: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000. Print.